Akron /ˈækrən/ is the fifth-largest city in the U.S. state of Ohio and is the county seat of Summit County, the fourth most populous county in the state. The city is located in northeastern Ohio on the western edge of the Glaciated Allegheny Plateau, approximately 39 miles (63 km) south of Lake Erie and was co-founded along the Little Cuyahoga River in 1825 by Simon Perkins and Paul Williams. The name derived from the Greek word "ἄκρον" signifying a summit or high point. Due to Eliakim Crosby founding "North Akron" (Cascade) in 1833, "South" was added to the city's name until the two merged into an incorporated village in 1836. Neighboring settlements Kenmore and Ellet were annexed in 1929. As of the 2015 Census Estimate, the city proper had a total population of 197,542, making Akron the 119th largest city in the United States, and the fifth largest city in Ohio. The Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) covers Summit and Portage counties, and in 2010 had a population of 703,200. Akron is also part of the larger Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area, which in 2013 had a population of 3,501,538, ranking 15th. Creating the first Joint Economic Development Districts, it did so with Springfield, Coventry, and Copley, also Bath in conjunction with Fairlawn. Residents of Akron are called "Akronites". Akron has had many nicknames, three of which are "Rubber City" "Cross Roads of the Deaf", and "City of Invention". Due to the amount of methamphetamine laboratories found by Akron police, the county has been nicknamed the "Meth Capital of Ohio".
The city became a manufacturing center owing to its location on the Ohio and Erie Canal, as well as being connected to numerous others and railroad lines. With Goodyear, Gojo Industries, FirstEnergy, FirstMerit Corporation, and Time Warner Cable among employers, Akron's economy has diversified sectors that include manufacturing, education, healthcare, and biomedical. Akron is home to the All-American Soapbox Derby, WGC-Bridgestone Invitational, Stan Hywet Hall and Gardens, Akron City Hospital (LeBron James and Stephen Curry), the Goodyear Polymer Center, and Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). It is also the former home of Goodrich, Firestone, General Tire, the National Inventors Hall of Fame, National Marble Tournament, Professional Bowlers Association, Women's Professional Mud Wrestling, and first National Football League Champions the Akron Pros. Listed by Newsweek as one of ten Information Age high tech havens, it was awarded by the National Civic League and National Arbor Day Foundation, plus named one of the world's most livable cities. The city is the filming location and setting of multiple movies and books, and is mentioned in others including television programs, video games, and songs. Residents Frank and Charles Menches have a disputable claim of inventing the hamburger thus the annual national festival is locally hosted. A creature often referred to as the Kenmore Grassman is reported through history.
Notable historical events that occurred in the city include the Akron School Law of 1847 creating the K-12 system, Sojourner Truth giving her Ain't I A Woman? speech in 1851, Ferdinand Schumacher supplying the Union Army with oats during the American Civil War, the popularization of the church architectural Akron Plan, the goiter prevention iodized salt Akron Experiment, City of Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health, portions of the 2014 Gay Games, and rise of the rubber, tire, and airship industries among others. With a population increase of 201.8% during the 1910s, it became the nation's fastest-growing city because of them which included stoneware, sewer pipe, fishing tackle, farming equipment, mining, match, zipper, and toy. Headquartered on the north side, mobster Rosario Borgio ran black hand operations, Pretty Boy Floyd's Walker-Mitchell mob was also headquartered in the city. Three major civil unrest events took place during the riot of 1900, rubber strike of 1936, and the Wooster Avenue riots of 1968, Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois (1920) and President Bill Clinton (1997). both arrived giving speeches on race. Though part of the Underground Railroad while active, the city also had many officials who were members of the Klu Klux Klan which Wendell Willkie suppressed, and abolitionist John Brown as a resident. Also produced are a number of notable individuals, particularly in politics, athletics, and the entertainment industry.
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