Anzick-1 is the name given to the remains of Paleo-Indian male infant found in Western Montana in 1968 that date to 12,707–12,556 years BP. The child was found with over 115 tools made of stone and antlers and dusted with red ochre, suggesting a honorary burial. Anzick-1 is the only human that has been discovered from the Clovis Complex, and is the first ancient Native American genome to be fully sequenced.
Paleogenomic analysis of the remains revealed Siberian ancestry and a close genetic relationship to modern Native Americans. These findings support the hypothesis that modern Native Americans are descended from Asian populations who crossed Beringia between 32,000 and 18,000 years ago.
Anzick-1's discovery and subsequent analysis is controversial because although the researchers did not violate the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), many Montana tribal members believe they should have been consulted before the analysis of the infant's skeleton and genome.
Anzick-1 was reburied on June 28, 2014 in the Shields River Valley in an intertribal ceremony. The artifacts associated with the first burial are archived at the Montana Historical Society in Helena, Montana.
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